【视频+双语】春节习俗知多少?看完让年味儿更浓

女频        2019-09-18   来源:笔上有魂

春节,是一年之岁首,农历新年,传统上的“年节”。传统名称分别有新春、新岁、新禧、大年等,口头上又称度岁、过年。


春节历史悠久,由上古时代岁首祭祀活动演变来,其起源蕴 含着丰厚深邃的人文与自然文化内涵。


今天小编给大家带来一则英文短视频,一起来看看春节的由来吧。


春节是除旧布新的日子,春节虽定在农历正月初一,但春节的活动却并不止于正月初一这一天。从腊月二十三(或二十四日)小年节起,人们便开始“忙年”:扫房屋、购置年节年货、贴春联、洗头沐浴等等,所有这些活动,有一个共同的主题,即“辞旧迎新”。

大年三十:除夕守岁

In Chinese mythology, a monster called nian would come out to harm people on New Year's Eve, so people get together, staying up and chatting, hoping for a peaceful passage of time. The custom of staying up (Chinese: shou tai sui) symbolizes the warding off of all diseases and disasters and wishing good luck in the New Year.

中国神话里,一头叫"年"的妖怪会在新年的前一夜跑出来伤害人类,因此人们聚在一起,守岁聊天,祈祷能平安度过这一晚。因此,中国人将新年前夕熬夜的习俗称为"守太岁",意味着远离疾病灾祸,祈祷新年好运。


Chinese people attach great importance to the Spring Festival Eve, when all family members eat dinner together.

中国人十分重视除夕(即新年前一夜),彼时阖家团圆,共享团圆年夜饭。


大年初一:金鸡报晓

The first day of Chinese New Year, also known as the "day of chicken", officially begins at midnight.

午夜零点时分,人们正式跨入新年第一天,也叫"金鸡报晓"。


It is traditional to light firecrackers and make as much of a din as possible to chase off the evil monster nian.

传统习俗是,人们会燃放鞭炮,尽可能制造大的喧闹声赶走邪恶的妖怪"年"。


Most importantly the oldest and most senior members are visited with the visits strengthening family kinship.

最重要的习俗是,人们会拜访家中最年长的长辈,以加强家人之间的亲情。


Senior members of the family hand out red envelopes containing cash (Chinese: ya sui qian), a form of blessing and to suppress aging and the challenges of the coming year, to junior members of the family, mostly children and teenagers.

而家中的长辈会给晚辈(主要是儿童和青少年)红包(中国人称之压岁钱),代表着对晚辈的祝福,也是祈祷自己在来年身体康健、万事如意。



大年初二:金吠报春

On the second day, married daughters usually go back to their own family to visit parents, relatives and close friends. Traditionally, married daughters didn't have the opportunity to visit their birth families frequently.

初二,出嫁的女儿会回娘家给父母、亲人和密友拜年。旧时,女儿出嫁后拜访娘家父母的机会并不多。


Some believe the second day is also the birthday of all dogs and remember them with special treats.

还有一些人认为初二是所有犬类的生日,因此要给它们好吃的以示庆祝。



大年初三:肥猪拱门

On the third day, an old saying goes: "A fat pig at the door", meaning the arrival of good luck and happiness.

初三,有一句俗语"肥猪拱门",预示着好运和幸福的到来。


Traditionally, the third day is known as "Chigou's Day". Chigou literally means "red dog", an epithet of "the God of Blazing Wrath", and it is considered an unlucky day to have guests or go visiting.

初三还有一个传统俗称是"赤狗日"。赤狗的意思是红色的狗,是熛怒之神的绰号,因此人们认为这一天不宜接客或出访。


Folklore says the 3rd day is also "rat marriage day" (Chinese: lao shu qu qin), so people often go to bed earlier to give rats time for their wedding.

民间还传说初三是老鼠娶亲日,所以人们晚上会早早上床歇息,腾出时间给老鼠们成亲。



大年初四:三阳开泰

The old saying "three rams bring bliss" is connected with the fourth day, which says that by making a good beginning a happy end comes.

初四则和俗语"三羊开泰"有关,意思是岁首吉利就预示着岁末幸福。


According to folklore, it is also the day to welcome back the Kitchen God. On this day, the Kitchen God would check the household and therefore people should not leave home.

民间还传说这一日是迎回灶神的日子。这一天灶神会清点每家的人数,所以切忌外出离家。



大年初五:艮牛耕春

The fifth day is also called the "day of cow". According to Chinese folklore, the first seven days of the 1st lunar month are respectively called "day of chicken", "day of dog", "day of pig", "day of sheep", "day of cow", "day of horse" and "day of man". When creating all living beings on earth, Nu Wa, a goddess in Chinese mythology, created the six creatures before human beings.

初五也被称为"牛日"。民间传说正月头七天分别是"鸡日"、"犬日"、"猪日"、"羊日"、"牛日"、"马日"和"人日"。中国传统神话中的女神女娲在创造凡间生物时就是遵循了这个顺序,在创造人类之前先创造了这六种生物。


The fifth day is also the God of Fortune's birthday and people will celebrate this day with a large banquet. This day is also commonly known as the Festival of Po Wu, literally breaking five. According to custom, it is believed that many New Year taboos can be broken on this day.

初五还是财神的生日,人们会举办盛宴以示庆祝。这天也被称为"破五日",字面意思是打破数字五。根据习俗,许多新年禁忌过此日皆可破。



大年初六:马到成功

On the sixth day, people make wishes for "ma dao cheng gong", win success immediately upon arrival.

初六,人们祈祷"马到成功",意思是成功马上就会到来。


According to tradition, families usually send away the Ghost of Poverty on this day. To send away him, Chinese people will usually throw away their ragged clothes, rubbish and other dirty things.

各家各户在初六有送"穷鬼"的传统。人们会扔掉破烂的衣服、垃圾和其他脏东西,预示送走穷鬼。


By doing this Chinese people wish to send away poverty and welcome the beautiful days and good luck in the New Year.

这个习俗寓意赶走贫穷,新的一年迎来好日子和好运气。



大年初七:人寿年丰

The seventh day is commonly referred as the "day of man", and in most parts of China people will eat noodles as they symbolize longevity in Chinese culture.

初七是"人日",中国各地人民都会吃面条,因为面条在中国文化里寓意长寿。


大年初八:放生祈福

The eighth day is believed to be the birthday of millet,an important crop in ancient China.

初八被认为是中国古代一种重要粮食——谷的生日。


According to folk proverbs, if this day is bright and clear the year will be a harvest year; however, if this day is cloudy or even rainy, the year will suffer from poor harvest.

根据民间俗语,这一天如果晴朗明亮就预示着大丰收,而如果多云甚至下雨就预示着今年会歉收。


Meanwhile, people also set free captive animals on this day, with a blessing for all living beings to flourish in the New Year.

此外,这一天人们还会放生动物,祝福新的一年里所有生物都繁荣兴旺,生生不息。



大年初九:玉帝诞辰

The ninth day is called Ti Kong Dan, or the birthday of the Jade Emperor. There will be grand ceremonies in Taoist temples on this day, and ordinary families also offer sacrifices to the Jade Emperor.

称为"天公诞",即玉帝的生日。这一天,道家寺庙会举办华丽隆重的庆典,寻常人家也会祭祀玉帝。


大年初十:祭石感恩

The 10th day is believed to be the birthday of the God of Stone which played a very important role in the agricultural society of ancient China.

初十被认为是石头神的生日,在古代中国的农业社会占有非常重要的地位。


On this day, people are forbidden to move any stone, including stone rollers, stone mills and herb grinders, and should not cut into a mountain for rock or build a house with rocks, otherwise bad things will happen to the crops.

这一天切忌移动石头,包括石碾、石磨、研磨器具等等,也不能开山采石或用岩石建房子,否则这年庄稼就会遭殃。


People also burn incense and candles for the stones and offer pancake to the God of Stone.

人们还会焚香、点蜡烛以供奉石头,向石头神上贡烤饼。

正月十一:祭奉紫姑

People make offerings to Zi Gu, the guardian angel for weak women, on the 11th day.

正月十一,人们供奉紫姑,紫姑是可怜女子的守护神。


This day is also for Yuefu (fathers-in-law) to entertain Nuxu (sons-in-law).

这一天也是岳父宴请子婿的日子。


In many areas, after this day, people will start preparing for the upcoming Lantern Festival which is on the 15th day of the 1st month.

许多地方在这天之后会开始准备即将到来的灯节——正月十五。

正月十二:搭建灯棚

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